Autism is perhaps one of the most baffling of all developmental disorders. Today, the complex neurological disorder affects an estimated 1 in every 68 children born in the U.S., yet medical researchers and scientists know surprisingly very little about how and why autism develops or how to treat common symptoms associated with the disorder.
Autism is considered a spectrum disorder meaning that the existence of symptoms and their severity vary greatly from one individual to another. Some individuals with autism are extremely high functioning and have normal to above-average IQs, whereas individuals on the lower end of the spectrum may have delayed cognitive abilities and lack the ability to verbally communicate. All individuals with autism share certain deficiencies related to their ability to communicate and socially interact. A large percentage of autistic individuals also display some degree of repetitive or ritualistic behaviors.